Cabet, Etienne

(1788-1856)
   socialist
   Born in Dijon and educated as an attorney, Étienne Cabet was an active Carbonarist (la Charbonnerie) and in 1830 took part in the insurrection against the monarchy. After the july revolution of that year, he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies. A founder of the newspaper Le Populaire, in 1832 he published his first work, Histoire de la révolution de 1830. Being forced to emigrate in 1834 for his attacks on the government, Cabet went to England, where he soon was influenced by the theories of the British Socialist Robert Owen. On his return to France, he published L'Histoire populaire de la Révolution française de 1789 (18 3 9) and his philosophical novel, Le Voyage en Icarie (1840 and 1842), in which he put forth the concept of a utopian and pacifistic communism. A supporter of the idea of community property, he accorded to the state a primordial role, charged with setting up the system in which, thanks to technological developments, the principle of "to each according to his needs" could be applied. In 1848, Cabet, with a large number of his followers, known as "icarians," immigrated to the united states to found communities based on his theories.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Cabet, Étienne — ▪ French socialist born , Jan. 1, 1788, Dijon, Fr. died Nov. 8, 1856, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.       French socialist and founder of a communal settlement at Nauvoo, Ill.       After a career as a teacher, lawyer, revolutionist, and political exile,… …   Universalium

  • Cabet, Etienne — ► (1788 1856) Socialista utópico francés, afiliado al movimiento carbonario. Difundió sus ideas a través del periódico Le Populaire y en sus obras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CABET, ÉTIENNE —    a French communist, born in Dijon; a leader of the Carbonari; provoked prosecution, and fled to England; wrote a history of the First Revolution, in which he defended the Jacobins; author of the Voyage en Icarie, in description of a… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Cabet — Cabet, Etienne …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Étienne Cabet — Etienne Cabet (1788 1856) Naissance 1er janvier 1788 Dijon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cabet — Étienne Cabet Etienne Cabet (1788 1856) Étienne Cabet, né le 1er janvier 1788 à Dijon et décédé le 9 novembre 1856 à Saint Louis (Missouri), était un théoricien politique français, classé parmi les socialistes utopiques par Karl… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Etienne Cabet — Étienne Cabet Etienne Cabet (1788 1856) Étienne Cabet, né le 1er janvier 1788 à Dijon et décédé le 9 novembre 1856 à Saint Louis (Missouri), était un théoricien politique français, classé parmi les socialistes utopiques par Karl… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Étienne Cabet — (* 1. Januar 1788 in Dijon, Frankreich; † 8. November 1856 in St. Louis, USA) war ein französischer Publizist, Politiker und Revolutionär. Er schrieb auch unter den Pseudonymen Francis Adams und Th. Dufruit.[1] Etienne Cabet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Etienne Cabet — Étienne Cabet (* 1. Januar 1788 in Dijon, Frankreich; † 8. November 1856 in St. Louis, USA) war ein französischer Publizist, Politiker und Revolutionär. Etienne Cabet Leben und Wirken Nach Abschluss seines Jurastudiums 1812 gehörte er zunä …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Étienne Cabet — ( January 1, 1788 ndash; November 9, 1856) was a French philosopher and utopian socialist. He was the founder of the Icarian movement and led a group of emigrants to found a new society in the United States.In 1831, he was elected to the Chamber… …   Wikipedia

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